Arthritis — Comprehensive overview covers arthritis symptoms, arthritis treatment and types of arthritis. Arthritis is a group of conditions marked by inflammation in the joints that causes stiffness and pain. It's usually treated with anti-inflammatory medications and. It's important to understand your options when it comes to arthritis treatment. Learn more about joint surgery, medications and even natural treatments.
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There are many herbs that hasveshown some promise in helping treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis including: Boswellia For thousands of years Boswellia has been used as a natural anti-inflammatory.
Extracts of the gum of this tree, which is mainly found in India, have long been used to relieve joint pain and inflammation. Modern scientific research has confirmed that boswellic acids contained within the herb are able to stop the formation of leukotrienes, the immune cells responsible for inflammation. With regular use blood supply to the joints is also maintained allowing for soft tissue to be nourished and viable.
Scientific research has shown that boswellia has the ability to inhibit the inflammatory mediators in the body, reducing pain and inflammation without irritating or ulcerating the lining of the stomach. Boswellia has also seen to be highly effective in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. The root is peeled away to make this herbal supplement and Is by tradition, been used to treat autoimmune illnesses and inflammatory conditions.
It has been find by research that thunder god vine does indeed contain anti-inflammatory activity, and some immune-boosting activity has also been discovered. One clinical trial carried out at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center found that roughly 80 per cent of those patients who were given a high dose of the plant supplement found that their rheumatoid arthritis symptoms got better considerably.
However, researchers have found that this and other studies are too small to prove the true efficacy of this plant-derived supplement. Cherries To take away the pain of gout, eat cherries per day. They can be tinned, frozen or fresh. This is a Japanese treatment, which they have used for centuries. They also boil the cherries down into a syrup which makes a strong sweet drink. The cherry is a very good source of magnesium which is a natural painkiller and potassium.
The potassium acts as a diuretic, reducing inflammation by ridding tissue of fluid. Dandelion Leaves One of the best remedies for treating arthritic conditions probably grows right in your backyard: Because of the high vitamin A and C content, when eaten raw in salads, these greens help the body to repair damaged tissues and help the liver clear toxins out of the blood.
European herbalists have used these anti-pain dandelion recipes for many years. Older leaves should be steam or saute - like spinach, this is because they are too tough to eat raw. You can also improve the taste by cooking with garlic or add olive oil for a tasty dish. Dandelion can also be made into a tea steep, just 1 teaspoon of dried leaves or 3 teaspoons of fresh leaves in 1 cup of boiling water. Or make a coffee-like, but bitter-tasting, beverage by boiling, and then straining, 4 ounces of fresh root in 2 pints of water.
Taken daily, this is a good guard against winter colds. For at least years, the Hottentots, Bantus, and Bushmen all native tribes of this region have treated arthritis pain with this large claw-like fruit that can trap and injure livestock. The tribesmen's favorite method is to draw an extract from the root and brew it into a tea. Alternatively, devil's-claw can be dried, powdered, and taken in tablet form.
Recent French and German studies found that the pain-relief of devil's-claw is similar to that of cortisone. The root acts mainly as an anti-inflammatory, an effect of harpagoside, its active ingredient.
Preparations using the whole plant work even better because it contains additional compounds, such as flavonoids , that enhance the anti-inflammatory effect.
Devil's-claw is available in many forms through most mail-order herb companies and health food stores. Water Therapy A more pleasant and relatively effective home remedy for arthritis pain is water therapy treatments. This entails immersion of affected regions into warm water for about an hour. Best results can be achieved by utilizing a specially designed water tank which is sometimes called sensory deprivation tank. The water temperature is maintained at Sugar The British, known for their fondness for sweets, swear by crude blackstrap molasses dissolved in water.
When taken every morning, they say this preparation eases and even eliminates pain in the joints. As many people with arthritis have another condition, such as heart disease , it is important to choose appropriate activities. Joint-friendly physical activities that are appropriate for adults with arthritis and heart disease include:. A health care professional can help you find ways to live a healthful lifestyle and have a better quality of life. Devil's claw and Boswellia supplements can be purchased online.
There is some evidence that turmeric may help, but more studies are needed to confirm their effectiveness. Various other herbs and spices have been recommended for RA, but again, more research is needed. They include turmeric, garlic, ginger , black pepper, and green tea.
Many of these herbs and spices are available to purchase online in supplement form, including turmeric , ginger , and garlic. Anyone who is considering using natural remedies for any type of arthritis should speak to a doctor first.
There is no single cause of all types of arthritis. The cause or causes vary according to the type or form of arthritis. Most types of arthritis are linked to a combination of factors, but some have no obvious cause and appear to be unpredictable in their emergence. Some people may be genetically more likely to develop certain arthritic conditions.
Additional factors, such as previous injury, infection, smoking and physically demanding occupations, can interact with genes to further increase the risk of arthritis. Diet and nutrition can play a role in managing arthritis and the risk of arthritis, although specific foods, food sensitivities or intolerances are not known to cause arthritis.
Foods that increase inflammation, particularly animal-derived foods and diets high in refined sugar, can make symptoms worse, as can eating foods that provoke an immune system response. Gout is one type of arthritis that is closely linked to diet, as it is caused by elevated levels of uric acid which can be a result of a diet high in purines.
Diets that contain high-purine foods, such as seafood, red wine, and meats, can trigger a gout flare-up. Vegetables and other plant foods that contain high levels of purines do not appear to exacerbate gout symptoms, however. Certain risk factors have been associated with arthritis. Some of these are modifiable while others are not. More than half of adults in the U. High blood pressure is associated with heart disease, the most common comorbidity among adults with arthritis.
Around 1 in 5 of adults in the U. Smoking is associated with chronic respiratory conditions, the second most common comorbidity among adults with arthritis. There are around types of arthritis, or musculoskeletal conditions.
These are split into seven main groups:. Inflammation is a normal part of the body's healing process. The inflammation tends to occur as a defense against viruses and bacteria or as a response to injuries such as burns.
However, with inflammatory arthritis, inflammation occurs in people for no apparent reason. Inflammatory arthritis is characterized by damaging inflammation that does not occur as a normal reaction to injury or infection. This type of inflammation is unhelpful and instead causes damage in the affected joints, resulting in pain, stiffness and swelling. Inflammatory arthritis can affect several joints, and the inflammation can damage the surface of the joints and also the underlying bone.
The word "arthritis" means "joint inflammation," but inflammation may also affect the tendons and ligaments surrounding the joint. Degenerative or mechanical arthritis refers to a group of conditions that mainly involve damage to the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones. The main job of the smooth, slippery cartilage is to help the joints glide and move smoothly.
This type of arthritis causes the cartilage to become thinner and rougher. To compensate for the loss of cartilage and changes in joint function, the body begins to remodel the bone in an attempt to restore stability. This can cause undesirable bony growths to develop, called osteophytes. The joint can become misshapen. This condition is commonly called osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis can also result from previous damage to the joint such as a fracture or previous inflammation in the joint. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain is felt in tissues other than the joints and bones.
The pain often affects a part of the body following injury or overuse, such as tennis elbow , and originates from the muscles or soft tissues supporting the joints. Back pain can arise from the muscles, discs, nerves, ligaments, bones, or joints. Back pain may stem from problems with organs inside the body.
It can also be a result of referred pain, for example, when a problem elsewhere in the body leads to pain in the back. There may be a specific cause, such as osteoarthritis.
This is often called spondylosis when it occurs in the spine. Imaging tests or a physical examination may detect this. A "slipped" disc is another cause of back pain, as is osteoporosis , or thinning of the bones. If a doctor cannot identify the exact cause of back pain, it is often described as "non-specific" pain. Connective tissues support, bind together, or separate other body tissues and organs. They include tendons, ligaments, and cartilage.
CTD involves joint pain and inflammation. The inflammation may also occur in other tissues, including the skin, muscles, lungs, and kidneys.
This can result in various symptoms besides painful joints, and it may require consultation with a number of different specialists. A bacterium, virus, or fungus that enters a joint can sometimes cause inflammation.
A joint infection can often be cleared with antibiotics or other antimicrobial medication. However, the arthritis can sometimes become chronic, and joint damage may be irreversible if the infection has persisted for some time. Uric acid is a chemical created when the body breaks down substances called purines. Purines are found in human cells and several foods.
Most uric acid dissolves in blood and travels to the kidneys. From there, it passes out in urine. Some people have high levels of uric, acid because they either naturally produce more than they need or their body cannot clear the uric acid quickly enough. Uric acid builds up and accumulates in some people and forms needle-like crystals in the joint, resulting in sudden spikes of extreme joint pain or a gout attack. It commonly affects a single joint or a small number of joints, such as the big toe and hands.
It usually affects the extremities. One theory is that uric acid crystals form in cooler joints, away from the main warmth of the body. Rheumatoid arthritis RA occurs when the body's immune system attacks the tissues of the body, specifically connective tissue, leading to joint inflammation, pain, and degeneration of the joint tissue.
Cartilage is a flexible, connective tissue in joints that absorb the pressure and shock created by movement like running and walking. It also protects the joints and allows for smooth movement. Persistent inflammation in the synovia leads to the degeneration of cartilage and bone. This can then lead to joint deformity, pain, swelling, and redness. RA causes premature mortality and disability and it can compromise quality of life. Conditions it is linked to include cardiovascular diseases, such as ischemic heart disease and stroke.
Diagnosing RA early gives a better chance of learning how to manage symptoms successfully. This can reduce the impact of the disease on quality of life. Osteoarthritis is a common degenerative joint disease that affects the cartilage , joint lining and ligaments, and underlying bone of a joint. The joints most often affected by osteoarthritis are those that get heavy use, such as hips, knees, hands, the spine, the base of the thumb, and the big toe joint.
This can refer to a number of types of arthritis. Arthritis in childhood can cause permanent damage to joints, and there is no cure. However, remission is possible, during which time the disease remains inactive. This is thought to affect between 2 and 10 people in every , in the general population. Among people with RA, it may affect 30 to 70 people per , Septic arthritis is a joint inflammation that results from a bacterial or fungal infection. It commonly affects the knee and hip.
You may need to try several different treatments, or combinations of treatments, before you determine what works best for you. The medications used to treat arthritis vary depending on the type of arthritis. Commonly used arthritis medications include:. Physical therapy can be helpful for some types of arthritis.
Exercises can improve range of motion and strengthen the muscles surrounding joints. In some cases, splints or braces may be warranted.
Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease. Many people use alternative remedies for arthritis, but there is little reliable evidence to support the use of many of these products.
The most promising alternative remedies for arthritis include:. While you might first discuss your symptoms with your family doctor, he or she may refer you to a doctor who specializes in the treatment of joint problems rheumatologist for further evaluation. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor will check your joints for swelling, redness and warmth.
Arthritis of the Wrist and Hand: Management and Treatment
More natural medicines are being tested in clinical trials. Here are nine supplements that are backed by science in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Once you've been diagnosed with arthritis, it's time to determine the best way of treating it. There are many different options — you and your. Although there's no cure for arthritis, treatments have improved greatly in recent years and, for many types of arthritis, particularly inflammatory arthritis, there's a.