15 hours ago CHINA WARNING: 'Big Lizzie' set for South China Sea mission as UK HITS OUT at global giant where Beijing is involved in an increasingly heated dispute over navigation rights and territorial claims in the South China Sea. 9 hours ago Home · Regions · China; CHINA WARNING: 'Big Lizzie' set for South China Sea mission as UK HITS OUT at Asian giant. BRITAIN is sending its. 7 hours ago Brexit 'can enhance UK's lethality', says defence secretary. Brexit represents an opportunity for .. Gavin Williamson sets out vision for defence in Global Britain. Defence Secretary Gavin CHINA WARNING: 'Big Lizzie' set for South China Sea mission as UK HITS OUT at Asian giant. The new carrier.
China Sea South set at CHINA giant Lizzie HITS WARNING: for as global ’Big mission OUT UK
Even though most ethnic groups prefer to communicate in their own languages, English as the official language is widely used for education, business transactions and for official purposes. English as a first language is used only by a small minority of the country's urban elite, and it is not spoken at all in some rural areas.
Hausa is the most widely spoken of the three main languages spoken in Nigeria itself Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba but unlike the Yorubas and Igbos, the Hausas tend not to travel far outside Nigeria itself. With the majority of Nigeria's populace in the rural areas, the major languages of communication in the country remain indigenous languages.
Some of the largest of these, notably Yoruba and Igbo, have derived standardised languages from a number of different dialects and are widely spoken by those ethnic groups. Nigerian Pidgin English , often known simply as " Pidgin " or "Broken" Broken English , is also a popular lingua franca , though with varying regional influences on dialect and slang.
Religion in Nigeria . Nigeria is a religiously diverse society, with Islam and Christianity being the most widely professed religions. Nigerians are nearly equally divided into Muslims and Christians , with a tiny minority of adherents of Animism and other religions.
It also has a number of adherents in the South Western, Yoruba part of the country. Nigeria has the largest Muslim population in sub-Saharan Africa. Protestant and locally cultivated Christianity are also widely practiced in Western areas, while Roman Catholicism is a more prominent Christian feature of South Eastern Nigeria.
The vast majority of Muslims in Nigeria are Sunni belonging to Maliki school of jurisprudence ; however, a sizeable minority also belongs to Shafi madhhab. A large number of Sunni Muslims are members of Sufi brotherhoods. A significant Shia minority exists see Shia in Nigeria. Some northern states have incorporated Sharia law into their previously secular legal systems, which has brought about some controversy.
An 18 December report on religion and public life by the Pew Research Center stated that in , The census of Association of Religion Data Archives has also reported that Since the s, there has been significant growth in many other churches, independently started in Africa by Africans, particularly the evangelical Protestant ones.
The Yoruba area contains a large Anglican population, while Igboland is predominantly Roman Catholic and the Edo area is composed predominantly of members of the Pentecostal Assemblies of God, which was introduced into Nigeria by Augustus Ehurie Wogu and his associates at Old Umuahia. Further, Nigeria has become an African hub for the Grail Movement and the Hare Krishnas ,  and the largest temple of the Eckankar religion is in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, with a total capacity of 10, Health care delivery in Nigeria is a concurrent responsibility of the three tiers of government in the country, and the private sector.
A comprehensive approach strategy was extended to all areas of health care, with subsequent improvement in the health care indicators and improvement in health care efficiency and cost. As of [update] , the HIV prevalence rate among adults ages 15—49 was just 3. However, a major breakthrough came in December , when it was reported that Nigeria hadn't recorded a polio case in 6 months, and was on its way to being declared Polio free.
Nigeria became the second African country to have successfully carried out this surgery. The Nigerian health care system is continuously faced with a shortage of doctors known as ' brain drain ', because of emigration by skilled Nigerian doctors to North America and Europe. In , it was estimated that 21, Nigerian doctors were practising in the United States alone, which is about the same as the number of doctors working in the Nigerian public service.
Retaining these expensively trained professionals has been identified as one of the goals of the government. Education in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry of Education. Local authorities take responsibility for implementing policy for state-controlled public education and state schools at a regional level. The education system is divided into Kindergarten , primary education , secondary education and tertiary education. After the s oil boom, tertiary education was improved so that it would reach every subregion of Nigeria.
Nigeria provides free, government-supported education, but attendance is not compulsory at any level, and certain groups, such as nomads and the handicapped, are under-served. The education system consists of six years of primary school, three years of junior secondary school, three years of senior secondary school, and four, five or six years of university education leading to a bachelor's degree.
The government has majority control of university education. The country has a total number of universities registered by NUC among which federal and state government own 40 and 39 respectively while 50 universities are privately owned. In order to increase the number of universities in Nigeria from to the Federal Government gave 9 new private universities their licences in May First year entry requirements into most universities in Nigeria include: Students with required documents  typically enter university from age onwards and study for an academic degree.
Nigeria is home to a substantial network of organised crime , active especially in drug trafficking. Nigerian criminal groups are heavily involved in drug trafficking, shipping heroin from Asian countries to Europe and America; and cocaine from South America to Europe and South Africa. As confraternities have extensive connections with political and military figures, they offer excellent alumni networking opportunities.
According to official statistics, gang violence in Lagos resulted in civilians and 84 policemen killed in the period of August to May Internationally, Nigeria is infamous for a form of bank fraud dubbed , a type of advance fee fraud named after Section of the Nigerian Penal Code along with the " Nigerian scam ", a form of confidence trick practised by individuals and criminal syndicates.
The victim is talked into exchanging bank account information on the premise that the money will be transferred to them, and that they will get to keep a cut. There is some major piracy in Nigeria , with attacks directed at all types of vessels. Consistent with the rise of Nigeria as an increasingly dangerous hot spot, 28 of the 30 seafarers kidnapped as of January—June were in Nigeria.
Additionally, the single death to date in occurred in Nigeria. Nigeria has been pervaded by political corruption. It was ranked out of countries in Transparency International 's Corruption Perceptions Index ; however, it improved to th position in Jonathan, however, dismissed the claim and replaced Sanusi for alleged mismanagement of the central bank's budget.
A Senate committee also found Sanusi's account to be lacking substance. Tourism in Nigeria centers largely on events, due to the country's ample amount of ethnic groups, but also includes rain forests , savannah , waterfalls , and other natural attractions.
Abuja is home to several parks and green areas with the largest one being Millennium Park. Another open area park is located in Lifecamp Gwarimpa; near the residence of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory. The park is located on a slightly raised hilltop which contains sport facilities like Basketball and Badminton courts another park is the city park, it is located in wuse 2 and is home to numerous outdoor and indoor attractions such as a 4D cinema, astro-turf, lawn tennis court, paintball arena and a variety of restaurants.
Lagos , subsequent to the re-modernization project achieved by the previous administration of Governor Raji Babatunde Fashola, is gradually becoming a major tourist destination, being one of the largest cities in Africa and in the world. Lagos is currently taking steps to become a global city. The Eyo carnival a yearly festival originated from Iperu Remo , Ogun State , which took place on 25 April, was a step toward world city status.
Currently, Lagos is primarily known as a business-oriented and a fast-paced community. Lagos has become an important location for African and " black " cultural identity. Established in , the event takes place over a 3—5 day period at selected high quality outdoor venues. The music is as varied as the audience itself and features a diverse mix of musical genres from rhythm and blues to soul, Afrobeat , hip hop, bebop, and traditional jazz.
The festivals provide entertainment of dance and song to add excitement to travelers during a stay in Lagos. Lagos also has a number of private beach resorts including Inagbe Grand Beach Resort and several others in the outskirts.
Lagos has a variety of hotels ranging from three star to five star hotels, with a mixture of local hotels such as Eko Hotels and Suites , Federal Palace Hotel and franchises of multinational chains such as Intercontinental Hotel, Sheraton and Four Points by Hilton. It was developed in by M. McCaughley, a Scot who first explored the mountain ranges in He camped on the mountaintop of the Oshie Ridge on the Sankwala Mountains for a month before returning with Mr. Hugh Jones, a fellow rancher , in Crawfeild, they developed the Obudu Cattle Ranch.
Charter air service is available to the Bebi Airport which lies between the village of Obudu and the resort. The ranch has in recent times seen an influx of both Nigerian and international tourists because of the development of tourist facilities by Cross-River State Government, which has turned the ranch into a well known holiday and tourist resort center in Nigeria. Nigerian citizens have authored many influential works of post-colonial literature in the English language.
Nigeria has the second largest newspaper market in Africa after Egypt with an estimated circulation of several million copies daily in Nigeria has had a huge role in the development of various genres of African music , including West African highlife , Afrobeat , and palm-wine music , which fuses native rhythms with techniques that have been linked to the Congo , Brazil , Cuba , Jamaica and worldwide.
Many late 20th-century musicians such as Fela Kuti have famously fused cultural elements of various indigenous music with American jazz and soul to form Afrobeat which has in turn influenced hip hop music. Fuji music , a Yoruba percussion style, was created and popularised by Mr. Fuji, Alhaji Sikiru Ayinde Barrister. Afan Music was invented and popularised by the Ewu -born poet and musician Umuobuarie Igberaese. There is a budding hip-hop movement in Nigeria. Kennis Music , the self-proclaimed number-one record label in Africa, and one of Nigeria's biggest record labels, has a roster almost entirely dominated by hip-hop artists.
Notable musicians from Nigeria include: In November , Nigeria's music scene and that of Africa received international attention when MTV hosted the continent's first African music awards show in Abuja. The Nigerian film industry is known as Nollywood a portmanteau of Nigeria and Hollywood  and is now the 2nd-largest producer of movies in the world. Nigerian film studios are based in Lagos , Kano and Enugu , forming a major portion of the local economy of these cities.
Nigerian cinema is Africa's largest movie industry in terms of both value and the number of movies produced per year. Although Nigerian films have been produced since the s, the country's film industry has been aided by the rise of affordable digital filming and editing technologies. The thriller film The Figurine is generally considered the game changer, which heightened the media attention towards New Nigerian Cinema revolution.
The film was a critical and commercial success in Nigeria, and it was also screened in international film festivals. It contributed about 1. Joshua 's Emmanuel TV , originating from Nigeria, is one of the most viewed television stations across Africa. There are many festivals in Nigeria , some of which date to the period before the arrival of the major religions in this ethnically and culturally diverse society. The main Muslim and Christian festivals are often celebrated in ways that are unique to Nigeria or unique to the people of a locality.
Nigerian cuisine, like West African cuisine in general, is known for its richness and variety. Many different spices, herbs and flavourings are used in conjunction with palm oil or groundnut oil to create deeply flavoured sauces and soups often made very hot with chili peppers.
Nigerian feasts are colourful and lavish, while aromatic market and roadside snacks cooked on barbecues or fried in oil are plentiful and varied. Football is largely considered Nigeria's national sport and the country has its own Premier League of football. Nigeria's national football team , known as the "Super Eagles", has made the World Cup on Six occasions , , , , , and most recently in They won the gold medal for football in the Summer Olympics in which they beat Argentina becoming the first African football team to win gold in Olympic Football.
Nigeria is also involved in other sports such as basketball, cricket and track and field. Nigeria's national basketball team made the headlines internationally when it qualified for the Summer Olympics as it beat heavily favoured world elite teams such as Greece and Lithuania. In the early s, Scrabble was made an official sport in Nigeria. By the end of , there were around 4, players in more than clubs in the country.
Despite its vast government revenue from the mining of petroleum, Nigeria faces a number of societal issues, owing primarily to a history of inefficiency in its governance. Nigeria's human rights record remains poor;  according to the US Department of State,  the most significant human rights problems are: Under the Shari'a penal code that applies to Muslims in twelve northern states, offences such as alcohol consumption, homosexuality ,  infidelity and theft carry harsh sentences, including amputation, lashing, stoning and long prison terms.
Under a law signed in early ,  same-sex couples who marry face up to 14 years each in prison. Witnesses or anyone who helps gay couples marry will be sentenced to 10 years behind bars. The bill also punishes the "public show of same-sex amorous relationships directly or indirectly" with ten years in prison. Another portion of the bill mandates 10 years in prison for those found guilty of organising, operating or supporting gay clubs, organizations and meetings.
In the Nigerian state of Akwa Ibom about 15, children were branded as witches and most of them end up abandoned and abused on the streets. Because of its multitude of diverse, sometimes competing ethno-linguistic groups, Nigeria prior to independence was faced with sectarian tensions and violence, particularly in the oil-producing Niger Delta region, where both state and civilian forces employ varying methods of coercion in attempts gain control over regional petroleum resources.
Some of the ethnic groups like the Ogoni , have experienced severe environmental degradation due to petroleum extraction. Since the end of the civil war in , some ethnic violence has persisted. There has subsequently been a period of relative harmony [ when? Muslim rioters in Kaduna killed an estimated men, women, and children with a further injured taken to hospital. Since , the country has seen sectarian violence by Boko Haram , an Islamist movement that seeks to abolish the secular system of government and establish Sharia law in the country.
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan in May claimed that Boko Haram attacks have left at least 12, people dead and 8, people crippled.
In April , over people in ten villages in predominantly Christian areas in Agatu were murdered by Fulani herdsmen. A visiting Nigerian Senator reported that all the primary and post-primary schools, health centres, worship centres as well as the police station in the area were destroyed.
Forced marriages are common. Child marriage remains common in Northern Nigeria. There is polygamy in Nigeria. Women have less land rights. In , there was a federal ban. In Nigeria, at least half a million suffer from vaginal fistula , largely as a result of lack of medical care.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Nigeria disambiguation. Not to be confused with the neighbouring Francophone country Niger. Federal republic in West Africa. History of Nigeria and Timeline of Nigerian history. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. History of Nigeria before History of Nigeria — Nigerian military juntas of — and — Foreign relations of Nigeria.
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Tracing the Origin of Obudu Mountain Resort". Retrieved 28 June Archived from the original on 14 January Lockheed Martin Fs will embed on the maiden mission of the U. Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson pictured speaking in London today has said it is time to increase our 'lethality' and warn Russia and China there will be a Britain should be ready to use military force in order to defend its global interests after Brexit, according to extracts from a speech defence minister Gavin UK defense chief Gavin Williamson cited a Russian resurgence in claiming the British military must project 'hard power' worldwide after Brexit.
Britain says it is deploying its flagship aircraft carrier to the South China Sea, with British and US F fighter jets aboard, in the UK's biggest mission yet to the Britain will use military force to support its interests after Brexit, defence minister Gavin Williamson said on Monday, in a speech setting out a global role for the The UK military is planning a major eastern expansion including a "littoral strike group" in the Indo-Pacific and a new permanent base in the Asia-Pacific The Government will ensure that Plymouth and the wider South West continues to play a central role in the future of the UK's armed forces, Defence Secretary Commentators have rounded on the senior politician for making 'dangerous' remarks about Britain's military.
The Defence Secretary and south Staffordshire MP will set out plans to increase the 'mass and lethality' of British forces. Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson made the huge defence announcement in London today. Britain must be prepared to take military action against countries that "flout international law" or risk being seen as a "paper tiger", Gavin Williamson will say.
Britain should be ready to use military force to support its global interests after Brexit, defence minister Gavin Williamson is set to say, adding that the boundaries Downing Street has distanced itself from comments made by defence secretary Gavin Williamson in which he outlined plans to send Britain's new aircraft carrier Brexit gives Britain the chance to increase its military standing around the world and "enhance our lethality", Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson will say today.
Gavin Williamson tells military leaders the UK must be ready "to use hard power" and not "walk on by when others are in need". Gavin Williamson also announced the development of two new littoral vessels into the Royal Navy. UK is to purchase 2 new Special Forces motherships to storm ennemy beaches, converting shipping tankers into combat ships. Get the Android app. Get the iOS app. Gavin Williamson, former fireplace salesman turned Defence Secretary is now saying: Idea for Jonathan Livingston Seagull-esque fable about a maladroit boy who dreams of being defence secretary: South China Morning Post.
China vs US: US Navy send warships into South China Sea - tensions escalate
12 hours ago UK pitches 'global Britain' by flexing military muscle: defense minister. Prime Minister Theresa May's Gavin Williamson warns Russia and China the UK will use 'hard power'. The Defence .. CHINA WARNING: 'Big Lizzie' set for South China Sea mission as UK HITS OUT at Asian giant. The new carrier. 9 hours ago UK will deploy drone squadron after Brexit, says defence secretary. Experts query how Gavin .. Gavin Williamson sets out vision for defence in Global Britain. Defence Secretary Gavin CHINA WARNING: 'Big Lizzie' set for South China Sea mission as UK HITS OUT at Asian giant. The new carrier. 12 hours ago Brexit 'can enhance UK's lethality', says defence secretary. Brexit represents an opportunity for .. Gavin Williamson sets out vision for defence in Global Britain. Defence Secretary Gavin CHINA WARNING: 'Big Lizzie' set for South China Sea mission as UK HITS OUT at Asian giant. The new carrier.