Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's "Michigan Legislature - Act 94 of ". 321-sports-betting.infoature. 321-sports-betting.info ^ Thiel, Craig. "Michigan agricultural exports" (PDF). Retrieved September 3. 22nd; Water: 40, 321-sports-betting.info (, 321-sports-betting.info), 2nd; Great Lakes: 38, 321-sports-betting.info ( 98, 321-sports-betting.info),1st. Constitution: Michigan's Constitution, 26th State. Capital City: . Whether you are traveling with your family or making memories with friends – you are on the brink of planning a vacation so unique, it can only be classified as.
Michigan (MI) About
Expand All Collapse All. January 26, 26th State. Michigan's Constitution , 26th State. Robin List of State Birds. Michigan Fun Facts and Trivia. The design on Michigan's deep blue field has three mottoes: The elk and moose are symbols of Michigan, while the eagle represents the United States.
Based on the Ojibwa Indian word misshikama meaning "great water," referring to the Great Lakes. Douglas Malloch Music by: Michigan Quarter List of State Quarters. Michigan County Map , 83 Counties. The state is bounded on the south by the states of Ohio and Indiana , sharing land and water boundaries with both.
Michigan's western boundaries are almost entirely water boundaries, from south to north, with Illinois and Wisconsin in Lake Michigan; then a land boundary with Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula, that is principally demarcated by the Menominee and Montreal Rivers ; then water boundaries again, in Lake Superior, with Wisconsin and Minnesota to the west, capped around by the Canadian province of Ontario to the north and east.
The heavily forested Upper Peninsula is relatively mountainous in the west. The surface on either side of this range is rugged. The peninsula is as large as Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island combined but has fewer than , inhabitants.
They are sometimes called "Yoopers" from "U. The Lower Peninsula is shaped like a mitten and many residents hold up a hand to depict where they are from. The surface of the peninsula is generally level, broken by conical hills and glacial moraines usually not more than a few hundred feet tall. It is divided by a low water divide running north and south. The larger portion of the state is on the west of this and gradually slopes toward Lake Michigan. The geographic orientation of Michigan's peninsulas makes for a long distance between the ends of the state.
Ironwood , in the far western Upper Peninsula, lies miles 1, kilometers by highway from Lambertville in the Lower Peninsula's southeastern corner. The geographic isolation of the Upper Peninsula from Michigan's political and population centers makes the U.
A feature of Michigan that gives it the distinct shape of a mitten is the Thumb. This peninsula projects out into Lake Huron and the Saginaw Bay. The geography of the Thumb is mainly flat with a few rolling hills.
Other peninsulas of Michigan include the Keweenaw Peninsula , making up the Copper Country region of the state. See Also Michigan Regions. Numerous lakes and marshes mark both peninsulas, and the coast is much indented. Michigan has about lighthouses , the most of any U. The first lighthouses in Michigan were built between and They were built to project light at night and to serve as a landmark during the day to safely guide the passenger ships and freighters traveling the Great Lakes.
See Lighthouses in the United States. The state's rivers are generally small, short and shallow, and few are navigable. The principal ones include the Detroit River , St. Marys River , and St. No point in Michigan is more than six miles 9. The state is home to several areas maintained by the National Park Service including: Other national protected areas in the state include: With 78 state parks , 19 state recreation areas, and 6 state forests , Michigan has the largest state park and state forest system of any state.
Michigan has a continental climate , although there are two distinct regions. Some parts of the state average high temperatures below freezing from December through February, and into early March in the far northern parts. During the winter through the middle of February, the state is frequently subjected to heavy lake-effect snow. The state averages 30 days of thunderstorm activity per year.
These can be severe, especially in the southern part of the state. The state averages 17 tornadoes per year, which are more common in the state's extreme southern section. Portions of the southern border have been almost as vulnerable historically as states further west and in Tornado Alley.
For this reason, many communities in the very southern portions of the state have tornado sirens to warn residents of approaching tornadoes. The geological formation of the state is greatly varied, with the Michigan Basin being the most major formation. Primary boulders are found over the entire surface of the Upper Peninsula being principally of primitive origin , while Secondary deposits cover the entire Lower Peninsula.
The Upper Peninsula exhibits Lower Silurian sandstones, limestones, copper and iron bearing rocks, corresponding to the Huronian system of Canada. The central portion of the Lower Peninsula contains coal measures and rocks of the Pennsylvanian period. Devonian and sub-Carboniferous deposits are scattered over the entire state. Michigan rarely experiences earthquakes , thus far mostly smaller ones that do not cause significant damage.
More recently, a 4. No major damage or injuries were reported, according to Governor Rick Snyder 's office. The center of population of Michigan is in Shiawassee County , in the southeastern corner of the civil township of Bennington , which is northwest of the village of Morrice. As of the American Community Survey for the U. Census, the state had a foreign-born population of ,, or 6. The Census reported:. In the same year Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 4. The large majority of Michigan's population is Caucasian.
Americans of European descent live throughout Michigan and most of Metro Detroit. People of Scandinavian descent, and those of Finnish ancestry, have a notable presence in the Upper Peninsula. Western Michigan is known for the Dutch heritage of many residents the highest concentration of any state , especially in Holland and metropolitan Grand Rapids. African-Americans, who came to Detroit and other northern cities in the Great Migration of the early 20th century, form a majority of the population of the city of Detroit and of other cities, including Flint and Benton Harbor.
As of [update] about , people in Southeastern Michigan trace their descent from the Middle East. As of [update] , almost 8, Hmong people lived in the State of Michigan, about double their presence in the state. The state has Japanese employment facilities providing 35, local jobs. A person from Michigan is called a Michigander or Michiganian;  also at times, but rarely, a "Michiganite".
As of [update] , When Michigan became a state in , the boundary of the Diocese of Detroit was redrawn to coincide with that of the State; the other dioceses were later carved out from the Diocese of Detroit but remain part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Detroit.
In , the largest Protestant denominations were the United Methodist Church with , adherents; followed by the Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod with ,, and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with , adherents. Battle Creek , Michigan is also the birthplace of the Seventh-day Adventist Church , which was founded on May 21, Products and services include automobiles, food products, information technology, aerospace, military equipment, furniture, and mining of copper and iron ore.
Faygo was founded in Detroit on November 4, Two of the top four pizza chains were founded in Michigan and are headquartered there: Michigan became the 24th Right to Work state in U. Since , GM, Ford and Chrysler have managed a significant reorganization of their benefit funds structure after a volatile stock market which followed the September 11 attacks and early s recession impacted their respective U.
Manufacturing in the state grew 6. In , GM and Chrysler emerged from Chapter 11 restructurings with financing provided in part by the U. As of [update] , Michigan ranked fourth in the U. The domestic auto industry accounts directly and indirectly for one of every ten jobs in the U.
Michigan was second in the U. From to , Michigan was the only state to top the 10, mark for the number of major new developments;   however, the effects of the late s recession have slowed the state's economy.
In , Michigan placed third in a site selection survey among the states for luring new business which measured capital investment and new job creation per one million population.
Department of Energy for the manufacture of electric vehicle technologies which is expected to generate 6, immediate jobs and employ 40, in the state by As leading research institutions, the University of Michigan , Michigan State University , and Wayne State University are important partners in the state's economy and its University Research Corridor.
Michigan's workforce is well-educated and highly skilled, making it attractive to companies. It has the third highest number of engineering graduates nationally. Detroit Metropolitan Airport is one of the nation's most recently expanded and modernized airports with six major runways, and large aircraft maintenance facilities capable of servicing and repairing a Boeing and is a major hub for Delta Air Lines. Michigan's schools and colleges rank among the nation's best. The state has maintained its early commitment to public education.
The state's infrastructure gives it a competitive edge; Michigan has 38 deep water ports. Michigan led the nation in job creation improvement in Michigan's personal income tax is set to a flat rate of 4.
Property taxes are appealable to local boards of review and need the approval of the local electorate to exceed millage rates prescribed by state law and local charters. A wide variety of commodity crops, fruits, and vegetables are grown in Michigan, making it second only to California among U. Leading crops include corn, soybeans, flowers, wheat, sugar beets, and potatoes. Michigan is a leading grower of fruit in the U.
These fruits are mainly grown in West Michigan due to the moderating effect of Lake Michigan on the climate. There is also significant fruit production, especially cherries, but also grapes, apples, and other fruits, in Northwest Michigan along Lake Michigan. Michigan produces wines , beers and a multitude of processed food products. Kellogg's cereal is based in Battle Creek, Michigan and processes many locally grown foods. Michigan is home to very fertile land in the Saginaw Valley and " Thumb " areas.
Products grown there include corn, sugar beets, navy beans, and soybeans. Sugar beet harvesting usually begins the first of October. It takes the sugar factories about five months to process the 3. Potatoes are grown in Northern Michigan , and corn is dominant in Central Michigan. Alfalfa, cucumbers, and asparagus are also grown.
Michigan is fifty percent forest land, much of it quite remote. The forests, lakes and thousands of miles of beaches are top attractions. In , the Michigan State Board of Education mandated all public schools in the state hold their first day of school after the Labor Day holiday, in accordance with the new Post Labor Day School law.
Hunting and fishing are significant industries in the state. Charter boats are based in many Great Lakes cities to fish for salmon, trout, walleye, and perch. Over three-quarters of a million hunters participate in white-tailed deer season alone.
Many school districts in rural areas of Michigan cancel school on the opening day of firearm deer season, because of attendance concerns. Michigan's Department of Natural Resources manages the largest dedicated state forest system in the nation. Public hiking and hunting access has also been secured in extensive commercial forests. The state has the highest number of golf courses and registered snowmobiles in the nation. The state has numerous historical markers , which can themselves become the center of a tour.
With its position in relation to the Great Lakes and the countless ships that have foundered over the many years they have been used as a transport route for people and bulk cargo, Michigan is a world-class scuba diving destination. The Michigan Underwater Preserves are 11 underwater areas where wrecks are protected for the benefit of sport divers. Michigan has nine international road crossings with Ontario , Canada:. A second international bridge between Detroit and Windsor is under consideration.
Michigan is served by four Class I railroads: These are augmented by several dozen short line railroads. The vast majority of rail service in Michigan is devoted to freight , with Amtrak and various scenic railroads the exceptions. Amtrak passenger rail services the state, connecting many southern and western Michigan cities to Chicago, Illinois. The Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport , in the western suburb of Romulus , was in the 16th busiest airfield in North America measured by passenger traffic.
Ford International Airport in Grand Rapids is the next busiest airport in the state, served by eight airlines to 23 destinations.
Flint Bishop International Airport is the third largest airport in the state, served by four airlines to several primary hubs. Smaller regional and local airports are located throughout the state including on several islands. Cherry Capital Airport is in Traverse City. Half of the wealthiest communities in the state are in Oakland County , just north of Detroit.
Another wealthy community is just east of the city, in Grosse Pointe. Only three of these cities are outside of Metro Detroit. Michigan's education system provides services to 1. More than , students attend private schools and an uncounted number are home-schooled under certain legal requirements.
Michigan State University has the eighth largest campus population of any U. Michigan music is known for three music trends: Michigan's major-league sports teams include: All of Michigan's major league teams play in the Metro Detroit area. In , the team moved to the newly built Little Caesars Arena in downtown Detroit. The Detroit Lions played at Tiger Stadium in Detroit until , then moved to the Pontiac Silverdome where they played for 27 years between and before moving to Ford Field in Detroit in In they moved to Comerica Park.
They later moved to Little Caesars Arena to join the Pistons as tenants in Professional hockey got its start in Houghton ,  when the Portage Lakers were formed. Wieber was also a member of the gold medal winning team at the London Olympics in Collegiate sports in Michigan are popular in addition to professional sports.
Michigan is, by tradition, known as "The Wolverine State," and the University of Michigan takes the wolverine as its mascot. The association is well and long established: The origins of this association are obscure; it may derive from a busy trade in wolverine furs in Sault Ste.
Marie in the 18th century or may recall a disparagement intended to compare early settlers in Michigan with the vicious mammal. Wolverines are, however, extremely rare in Michigan. A sighting in February near Ubly was the first confirmed sighting in Michigan in years. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Michigan disambiguation. For states around the Great Lakes region, see Great Lakes region. State of the United States of America. Timeline of Michigan history and History of Michigan.
New France and Canada New France. History of Ford Motor Company. Elections in Michigan and Political party strength in Michigan. Administrative divisions of Michigan. List of Michigan county seats , List of counties in Michigan , and List of municipalities in Michigan by population. List of companies based in Michigan , Economy of metropolitan Detroit , and Michigan locations by per capita income.
Cherry production in Michigan. List of Michigan railroads and History of railroads in Michigan. List of airports in Michigan. List of cities, villages, and townships in Michigan. List of colleges and universities in Michigan and List of high schools in Michigan. List of Michigan professional sports teams. List of Michigan sport championships. Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice Latin: This is a paraphrase of the epitaph of British architect Sir Christopher Wren about his masterpiece, St.
American robin since State animal: Petoskey stone since It is composed of fossilized coral Hexagonaria pericarnata from long ago when the middle of the continent was covered with a shallow sea. Isle Royale greenstone since Also called chlorastrolite literally "green star stone" , the mineral is found on Isle Royale and the Keweenaw peninsula. Michigan portal Michigan Highways portal Metro Detroit portal. Georgia is the largest state by land area alone east of the Mississippi and Michigan the second-largest.
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Whether you are motivated by geography, a specific activity or are just curious about some of the top places to visit in Michigan, this regional and city guide will . Cleland, Charles E. Rites of Conquest: The History and Culture of Michigan's Native Americans. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. VISITING MICHIGAN. Feb 16 Seven Lakes State Park - Ice Fishing Derby - Centennial Event. It is Free Fishing Weekend, which means there are no fishing.