Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis in dogs affecting a quarter of the population. It is a chronic disease characterized by loss of articular. Jan 21, Osteoarthritis is a common form of canine arthritis that occurs when tissue at the ends of bones wears down. Learn how to recognize. Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease (DJD), is defined as the progressive and permanent long-term deterioration of the cartilage surrounding the joints. Arthritis is the medical term for inflammation of the joints, while osteoarthritis is the term referring to.
In Osteo Dogs Arthritis
This absolutely includes keeping them active and well-conditioned. It's also important to regularly monitor the mobility and comfort of your dog's joints so that her treatment protocol can be adjusted as needed.
Arthritic dogs who are also overweight or obese have a much more difficult time with pain and mobility than lean animals, and in addition, it's important to know that overfeeding puppies may play a role in causing OA. In a lifetime study of Labrador Retrievers, 25 percent of the dogs who were overweight at age 2 developed arthritis of the hip. However, the calorie-restricted ideal weight Labs had just a 4 percent occurrence rate. In an week study of 14 overweight dogs with hip dysplasia and arthritis , the dogs were placed on a weight loss program.
By the end of the study, the dogs had lost an average of almost 9 percent of their body weight, and 82 percent showed improvement in lameness. Additional improvement is seen as additional weight is lost. And while some "shrinking" is expected, as dogs move from senior to geriatric, many pet parents assume they need less exercise, which is simply incorrect. To offset how quickly atrophy is occurring, you need to move your dog's body MORE with age — not less.
Chondroprotective agents CPAs that protect the joints, including glucosamine sulfate, MSM, eggshell membrane, perna mussel green-lipped clam , Adequan and cetyl myristoleate are essential for pets with arthritis. CPAs slow the rate of cartilage degeneration, which is critical. The form, dose and type of CPA your veterinarian prescribes should be based on a careful assessment of your dog's or cat's individual needs. CPAs should be blended with pain control options as necessary.
Pain can sometimes be managed with cold and heat therapy, and acupuncture. Fortunately, there are also many wonderful natural treatments and remedies for arthritis that can reduce or eliminate the need for painkilling drugs.
Some of the therapies I've used successfully with arthritic patients include:. There are ayurvedic and Chinese herbs as well as homeopathic remedies and nutraceuticals that can be very beneficial for dogs with OA, depending on their individual symptoms. It's important to monitor your pet's symptoms on an ongoing basis, because arthritis progresses over time. Your dog's body is constantly changing, and her treatment protocol will need to evolve as well.
I recommend bringing your pet for a wellness checkup with your veterinarian at least twice a year to review the status of her health, and to check the range of motion in her joints, the muscle mass she is either gaining or losing and to make adjustments to her protocol as necessary to ensure her quality of life is optimal. I have always found that a multimodal approach to managing arthritis is critical for slowing its progression.
Inside a dog's joints, bone surfaces are normally covered with a thin layer of very smooth cartilage, lubricated with a small amount of joint fluid that allows the two surfaces to glide freely over one another with minimum friction. In dogs with arthritis, cartilage within the joint undergoes change or damage, becoming less smooth and resulting in the bone surfaces rubbing together.
This causes discomfort to your dog, as well as further damage to cartilage. As a direct result of this increased friction, new bone starts to form around the joint making the joint stiffer, which limits its movement even more - a condition known as degenerative joint disease. Typically arthritis is a problem seen in older dogs, but the condition can develop from an early age following problems with bone and joint development. Depending on the cause, arthritis may affect one or any number of your dog's joints.
So what causes it? Most cases develop as a result of abnormal rubbing within the joint caused by joint instability e. Like humans, signs of arthritis can often vary throughout the animal's life and result in the early onset of joint problems in older age. Often owners may ask how they can tell if their dog's suffering from arthritis.
As the disease nearly always causes pain and stiffness, dogs may not be as keen to exercise as they were in the past and may show lameness or obvious stiffness especially after long periods of rest. Some dogs may even lick continually at an underlying painful joint - occasionally causing unwanted patches of saliva staining - but rarely do joints appear hot or swollen; more commonly changes are subtle and undetectable to the naked eye.
Some patients will show obvious signs of pain, whereas others may just become slower or grumpier. But to investigate properly they usually suggest further tests e. Being in constant pain can get the better of anyone, but being prepared can make all the difference. Helping your arthritic dog manage this inflammatory disease is doable when you have a grasp of all it entails. You can grab the bull by the horns and come at it from all sides, giving your fur child a drastically enhanced quality of life.
If your dog is diagnosed with arthritis, it will most likely require you to commit to long-term monitoring and treatment. Getting a grasp of canine arthritis may seem overwhelming, but understanding the disease is paramount. The more pet owners know about it, the more they can build up their arsenal to fight it. Arthritis left untreated in a dog means nothing but severe, excruciating pain and a vastly deteriorating quality of life.
Osteoarthritis is also known as Degenerative Joint Disease or Degenerative Arthritis , and it is a chronic condition. The articular cartilage in the joints deteriorates, causing the painful inflammation. Sadly, osteoarthritis cannot be cured. It can and should however be managed. They should also advise you on a pain management plan for your dog.
There are many causes of osteoarthritis in dogs. If you think about the disease in simple terms, it is the wearing down of the cartilage in the joint. Anything that stresses the joint will increase the rate of degeneration. This can range from over-exercise or obesity to genetic abnormalities such as hip or elbow dysplasia and old age. Septic Arthritis is caused in most cases by a bacterial infection in the fluid which surrounds the joint.
It can in rare cases also be caused by a fungal infection. The joint fluid will become septic when the bacteria or fungus makes its way to the joint from the outside world. Think of a really bad break in a bone, where the bone is exposed to the environment. Bacterial infection is always a risk factor for surgery, and Septic Arthritis is one such factor.
It is however by no means easy to cure. Your veterinarian needs to establish the cause of infection and treat the dog accordingly. In most cases, the treatment will be a purely systemic from the inside approach with antibiotics or anti-fungal medication. Septic Arthritis can lead to permanent damage to the joint or joints. It is not uncommon for a dog to develop Osteoarthritis in a joint as an aftermath of Septic Arthritis.
As the name suggests, Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis IMPA occurs when the immune system attacks the joints, causing painful and debilitating inflammation in one or multiple joints. This is basically the canine version of the human Rheumatoid Arthritis.
When white blood cells around the joints release their antibodies, these antibodies bond with the tissue of the joint. Ideally, the antibodies should bond with antigens which are harmful to the body.
Think harmful bacteria or cancer cells. But in the case of Immune-Mediated Arthritis, they can bond with perfectly healthy tissue. The tissue-antibody complex makes its way to the synovial fluid think elbow grease and once it gets there, the elbow grease is like: Words are exchanged, push comes to shove, and a fight breaks out.
Erosive Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis is incredibly rare. This form of arthritis can cause a lot of damage.
Current Options for Managing Canine Osteoarthritis
Jun 14, There are several different types of arthritis that can affect dogs, but the most common is osteoarthritis — also known as degenerative joint. A diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) in your dog can feel devastating and even overwhelming. After all, we know that OA is a progressive, degenerative disease that. Sep 19, The most common type of canine arthritis is degenerative joint disease, or osteoarthritis, affecting one out of five adult dogs in the United Sates.