You and your doctor may decide to wait to treat your lymphoma when it The drugs are usually administered through a vein, but can also be. This does not mean that NHL is always curable but it does mean that treatment can often provide long cancer-free periods, reduced symptoms and improved. It is one of the most common childhood cancers, and although there is no way to prevent lymphoma, it is typically curable. This article looks at.
Typically Treat Lymphoma How We
As a result, efforts are being made to help cancer survivors maintain optimal health. Researchers are also focused on defining the least complicated cures for newly diagnosed patients and gaining a better understanding of lymphoma, including its risk factors and ways to prevent the disease.
For more information and resources about clinical trials and to learn about current clinical trials being conducted, see:. Please type your comment or suggestion into the text box below. Please contact your physician with specific medical questions or for a referral to a radiologist or other physician. To locate a medical imaging or radiation oncology provider in your community, you can search the ACR-accredited facilities database.
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For the convenience of our users, RadiologyInfo. What are my treatment options? What happens during radiation therapy? What are possible side effects of radiation therapy? What kind of treatment follow-up should I expect? Are there any new developments in treating my disease?
Treatment options overview How can I choose from among the options? How effective is modern radiation treatment of lymphoma? Patients will undergo frequent physical examinations from a few weeks to many years after treatment, especially if side effects from the treatment do not subside or new symptoms develop.
Follow-up evaluation usually includes periodic blood tests to check for a lymphoma recurrence and general organ function. During follow-up examinations, a patient may undergo plain x-rays, computed tomography CT , positron emission tomography PET , or magnetic resonance imaging MRI. The images obtained will help assess your response to therapy and look for signs of cancer recurrence or treatment-related side effects. Several elements to improve lymphoma treatment are being studied in clinical trials, including: Targeted therapy drugs that identify and block the growth of cancer cells.
B-cell lymphomas Nearly 90 percent of non-Hodgkin lymphoma types develop in B cells. Common forms of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma include: It is most often diagnosed in older adults. DLBCL is aggressive and may spread quickly. It may be found not only in the lymph system, but as a primary disease elsewhere in the body, including the gastrointestinal tract, testes, breasts and brain.
Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is often found in the mediastinum, the area of the chest cavity between the lungs. This type of lymphoma, which is more common in young women, may produce fast-growing tumors that may encompass the mediastinum cavity and press on the airways and blood vessels.
Primary central nervous system CNS lymphoma originates in the brain or spinal cord and may be found in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS or those whose immune systems may be compromised, including organ transplant patients.
When primary CNS lymphoma originates in the eye, it is called ocular lymphoma. Symptoms of DLBCL may include swelling caused by enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, underarms or groin. The swelling may or may not be painless. Other symptoms may include coughing or difficulty swallowing, night sweats, fever, swollen face, weight loss and fatigue.
Surgery may be required in some cases to remove obstructive tumors. The most common type of indolent, or slow-growing, lymphoma, follicular lymphoma accounts for about 20 percent of all lymphoma cases in the United States. The disease is typically diagnosed in middle-aged or older adults and is most often found in the bone marrow or lymph nodes. Common symptoms of follicular lymphoma include swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, shortness of breath, night sweats and weight loss.
In some cases, follicular lymphoma grows so slowly that the patient may not experience obvious symptoms and surveillance or monitoring may be the preferred treatment option. Treatment options for follicular lymphoma include targeted therapy, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Mantle cell lymphoma MCL: Accounting for about 5 percent of all lymphoma diagnoses, MCL is more commonly diagnosed in older men.
This slow-growing disease is most often found in the lymph nodes, spleen and bone marrow. In most cases, MCL forms when segments of two chromosomes switch places, or translocate. MCL may cause swollen lymph nodes and may spread to the blood or gastrointestinal tract.
Treatment options for MCL may include targeted therapy, chemotherapy and stem cell transplants. In some cases, if the cancer is especially slow-growing, surveillance and monitoring may be an option. This slow-growing lymphoma forms in mature B cells circulating in the spleen. Treatment options for marginal zone lymphomas may include chemotherapy and, in some cases, surgery. If the disease is associated with an infection, antibiotics may be prescribed. Marginal zone lymphomas are categorized by three main types, which account for about up to 10 percent of all lymphomas: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue MALT lymphoma: Also known as extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, this is the most common type of marginal zone lymphoma.
MALT lymphomas often originate in the stomach and are linked to an infection related to stomach ulcers. MALT lymphoma may also form in the lung, skin, thyroid, salivary glands or tissues surrounding the eye. This lymphoma is typically confined to its original location and does not spread. Some MALT lymphomas have been linked to infections with bacteria or viruses. Our Patient Experience Results. Our Quality of Life Results. Quality and Patient Safety. Caring for a Loved One With Cancer.
Intimacy During Cancer Care. Talking With Children About Cancer. Call us anytime Non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk factors. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma stages The grade and stage of adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma are important factors in evaluating treatment options.
Grading non-Hodgkin lymphoma Doctors will determine whether the lymphoma is low grade indolent or slow growth rate , intermediate grade moderate growth rate or high grade aggressive or rapid growth rate. Staging non-Hodgkin lymphoma Non-Hodgkin lymphoma staging is the process of identifying the location of the cancer, the number of lymph nodes affected by the cancer and whether the disease has spread from the original site to other parts of the body, including organs outside the lymphatic system, such as the liver or lungs.
Additional staging factors for non-Hodgkin lymphoma Stages of non-Hodgkin lymphoma are identified using the Roman numbers I through IV.
Different lymphomas may need different treatment. Your general Children and young people under 18 are often given different treatment to adults. If you are. While aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma often requires a more immediate and intensive treatment plan, many types of the disease typically respond well to. Precursor T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma: This form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, similar to acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), is often found in the thymus.